Hyderabad: Telangana has been making huge strides in education ever since the State formation on June 2, 2014. After TRS party took over the reins of the government, the residential system of education has been a boon for students.
Before statehood, there were 298 residential schools catering to the needs of SCs, STs, BCs and Minorities categories. The State government has now established 661 residential education institutions including 608 schools and 53 degree colleges, taking the total to 959 (906 schools and 53 degree colleges). Presently, these residential schools and colleges are providing quality free education to 2.72 lakh students, while the government has been spending an average of Rs.1.20 lakh per annum on each student.
Not just establishing new minority residential educational institutions, the State government has been equally allocating the necessary budget for them. In 2018-19 budget, a total of Rs.735 crore has been allocated. More than 66,500 students are taking quality free education in English medium. According to rough estimates, the enrollments in these minorities residential educational institutions will reach 1.30 lakh in the next five years. As part of the KG to PG free education programme, eight minorities residential schools have been upgraded into junior colleges.
As large number of people in the State belong to BC category, equal emphasis has been laid on providing quality free education to them. Accordingly, 261 BC welfare residential schools and one-degree college has been set up since the formation of the new State of Telangana.
Before the State formation, there were only 19 residential educational institutions. A total of 17 and 125 residential schools were set up in 2016-17 and 2017-18 respectively. Likewise, an additional 119 BC welfare schools were started one each in 119 assembly constituencies in the State. A total of 281 BC welfare residential educational institutions are being operated in the State with 85,000 students this year.
The State government has been spending more than Rs.1 lakh per annum on each student studying in these educational institutions and accordingly Rs.296 crore had been sanctioned in 2018-19 budget.
In 2018-19 intermediate results, second-year students of these residential educational institutions have secured 90.29 pass percentage surpassing pass percent of private and corporate junior colleges.
After formation of Telangana State, 104 new residential schools and 30 new residential degree colleges were established for SCs in the State. Presently, 264 residential educational institutions including earlier 134 are being operated. In 2018-19 intermediate results, second-year students have got a pass percentage of 84.31.
As many as 8,877 students appeared for the exams of which 7,484 have cleared. A total of 14 junior colleges secured cent percent result while 5,165 students secured ‘A’ grade. Likewise, in 2018-19 Class X results, 8,854 students appeared for the exam and 8,230 have passed accounting the pass percentage to 92.58.
Before formation of the State there were 96 residential schools for the STs. In addition to existing schools, 73 new residential educational institutions including 51 schools and 22-degree colleges were set up in for STs the new the state of Telangana. Presently, 169 residential educational institutions are being operated in the State for STs. Students from these institutions have achieved pass percentage of 82.36 in second-year inter result. A total of 3,317 students appeared for exams of which 2,732 have cleared and among them 1,611 have secured ‘A’ grade.
The initiatives of the State government in strengthening the government degree colleges have produced good results as the number of admissions has shot up. While 22,820 students were enrolled in 2016-17, this number went up to 27,802 in 2017-18 and it increased further to 42,266 in 2018-19. In 2019-20, the admissions further went up by 39 percent compared to 2018-19.
The State government has been implementing overseas scholarships for students belonging to SC, ST, BC and minorities who wish to study abroad. The scholarship amount was also enhanced from earlier Rs.10 lakh to Rs.20 lakh. As many as 1,436 candidates benefited from the scholarships till December 2019 and the government has spent Rs.326.51 crore.
The academics for the candidates belonging to minority category took a new turn with the establishment of new residential educational institutions. The State government has set up 71 minorities residential educational institutions and in June 2017, an additional 121 residential schools for minorities were started. Before Telangana formation, there were only 12 residential schools catering to minorities and now the number of such schools stands at 204.